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Columbia, MD

Columbia leans liberal and has a Democratic representative in Congress. However, the city is politically segregated with clear Democratic and Republican enclaves, which commonly can be attributed to racial divides
103,663
Columbia Population7
$
74,014
Median Income6
5.0
%
Unemployment Rate18
 

City Score

 

Population

Columbia's 20 to 24 year old population grew by 21% since 2010, making it one of the fastest growing cities for that segment in the United States where the average growth rate is 5%

Age

37.9
Median Age7
5.4
%
Population Growth Since 20107

Proportion of Population by Age Group vs. United States average7

 

Race and Ethnicity

Columbia residents are predominantly white; however, the city is becoming more diverse as the white community has shrunk by 16.5% since 2010, while the Black community, 2nd largest in the city, has grown by 10.2%

Race

51.4
%
Maryland Population, White7
61.1
%
United States population, White7

Population Distribution by Race/Ethnicity7

 

Climate

Columbia has comfortable summers and cold winters with frequent rain. The temperature reaches 90°F or above 31 days per year with an average temperature in January of 33°F. There is at least some rain 116 days per year with 42 inches of annual rainfall

Weather

32
%
Chance of Rain12
55
%
Chance of Sunshine3

Average Temperature38

 

Housing

The average home value in Columbia increased by 11% since 2010 which is 32% lower than the national average and 3% lower than the state average

Rent

$
2,000
Monthly Average13
34
%
Renters39

Average Home Value5

 

Taxes

Columbia is a very high tax location with sales tax 13% lower than the national average and property tax near the national average, but income tax 101% higher than the national average.

Other

1.09
%
Property Tax21
6.0
%
Sales Tax11
0.0
%
Vehicle Tax21

Effective Income Tax Rate at Various Income Levels (Married, Filing Jointly)40

 

Employment

Columbia has a high employment rate of 95% which is 2% higher than the national average. The largest employers are MedStar Health and Oracle Hospitality

Income

7.5
%
<$25,0006
31.9
%
$100,000+6

Distribution by Industry18

 

Politics

Columbia leans liberal and has a Democratic representative in Congress. However, the city is politically segregated with clear Democratic and Republican enclaves, which commonly can be attributed to racial divides

2016 Presidential Election Results42

Representatives

House of Representative27 Kweisi Mfume
Democratic
 

Healthcare

The nearest 5-star hospital, Mercy Medical Center Inc, is 15.9 miles from the center of Columbia, the nearest Veterans Affairs medical center, VA Maryland Health Care System - Baltimore VA Medical Center, is 15.5 miles away, and the nearest top-rated hospital for cancer care, University of Maryland Medical Center, is 17.0 miles away

Medicare-Rated Hospitals (<50 Miles)2

Is Marijuana Legal?

Medical28 Yes
Decriminalized28 Yes, but past criminilizations not expunged
 

Safety

In Maryland, 16.7% of adults live in a household with at least one gun, which is a significant decrease from 2000 when 26.5% of adults lived in households with guns

Gun Laws

Yes
Universal Background Checks29
Yes
Permit to Purchase Law29

Property Crimes and Violent Crimes per 100,000 Residents

 

Recognition

#7 2020 Best Cities to Live by Niche30
#37 2020 Best Cities to Retire by Niche31
#5 2020 Best Cities for Families by Niche32
#61 2019 Best Cities to Retire by WalletHub33
 

Sources

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