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Birmingham, AL

Birmingham is centrist with a liberal slant and has a Democratic representative in Congress. However, the city is politically segregated with clear Democratic and Republican enclaves, which commonly can be attributed to racial divides
212,021
Birmingham Population7
$
35,849
Median Income6
10.3
%
Unemployment Rate17
 

City Score

 

Population

Birmingham's aged 45- to 54-years old saw the steapest decline since 2010, falling by 23%, whereas the average population in that segment only declined by 4%

Age

35.8
Median Age7
-2.0
%
Population Growth Since 20107

Proportion of Population by Age Group vs. United States average7

 

Race and Ethnicity

Birmingham residents are mostly Black; however, the city is slowly becoming more diverse as the Black community has shrunk by 6.8% since 2010, while the white community, 2nd largest in the city, has grown by 0.1%

Race

65.7
%
Alabama Population, White7
61.1
%
United States population, White7

Population Distribution by Race/Ethnicity7

 

Climate

Birmingham has warm summers and heavy rainfall. The average temperature in July is 81°F and the annual rainfall is 54 inches

Weather

32
%
Chance of Rain12
58
%
Chance of Sunshine3

Average Temperature37

 

Housing

The average home value in Birmingham increased by 20% since 2010 which is 22% lower than the national average and 2% higher than the state average

Rent

$
850
Monthly Average13
54
%
Renters38

Average Home Value5

 

Taxes

Birmingham is an average tax location with property tax 62% lower than the national average, but income tax 50% higher than the national average and sales tax 46% higher than the national average.

Other

0.42
%
Property Tax20
10.0
%
Sales Tax11
0.68
%
Vehicle Tax20

Effective Income Tax Rate at Various Income Levels (Married, Filing Jointly)39

 

Employment

Birmingham has a very low employment rate of 90% which is 4% lower than the national average. The largest employers are Encompass Health and Regions Financial

Income

27.3
%
<$25,0006
5.6
%
$100,000+6

Distribution by Industry17

 

Politics

Birmingham is centrist with a liberal slant and has a Democratic representative in Congress. However, the city is politically segregated with clear Democratic and Republican enclaves, which commonly can be attributed to racial divides

2016 Presidential Election Results41

Representatives

Mayor27 Randall L. Woodfin
Democratic
House of Representative27 Terri Sewell
Democratic
 

Healthcare

The nearest 5-star hospital, Fayette Medical Center, is 61.3 miles from the center of Birmingham, the nearest Veterans Affairs medical center, Birmingham VA Medical Center, is 8.3 miles away, and the nearest top-rated hospital for cancer care, University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital, is 43.0 miles away

Medicare-Rated Hospitals (<50 Miles)2

Is Marijuana Legal?

Medical28 No
Decriminalized28 No
 

Safety

In Alabama, 52.8% of adults live in a household with at least one gun, which is a marginal decrease from 2000 when 53.8% of adults lived in households with guns

Gun Laws

No
Universal Background Checks29
No
Permit to Purchase Law29

Property Crimes and Violent Crimes per 100,000 Residents

 

Recognition

#74 2020 Best Cities to Retire by U.S. News & World Report30
#89 2019 Best Cities to Live by U.S. News & World Report31
#38 2019 Best Cities to Retire by WalletHub32
#83 2019 Best Cities for Healthcare by healthgrades33
 

Sources

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